Asthma Guidelines

Strategies for asthma care are determined by leading health experts in asthma. Asthma Canada follows guidelines and best practices from both the Global Initiative for Asthma and the Canadian Thoracic Society.

The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)  

GINA was launched in 1993 in collaboration with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, USA, and the World Health Organization. 

GINA’s program is determined and its strategies for asthma care are shaped by committees made up of leading asthma experts from around the world. 

The GINA global strategy for asthma management and prevention is presented in its strategy documents, which are freely available on the GINA website. 

The 2022 update of the Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention incorporates new scientific information about asthma based on a review of recent scientific literature by an international panel of experts on the GINA Science Committee. This comprehensive and practical resource about one of the most common chronic lung diseases worldwide contains extensive citations from the scientific literature and forms the basis for other GINA documents and programs.

Read 2022 GINA Main Report

Read 2022 GINA Pocket Guide for Asthma Management and Prevention 


Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS) 

The Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS) is Canada’s national inter-professional specialty society for respirology bringing together over 1,000 members representing specialists, physicians, researchers and healthcare professionals from a variety of disciplines working in respiratory health. 

The Canadian Thoracic Society was first formed in 1958 when the Canadian Tuberculosis Association, now The Lung Association, recognized the need to establish a medical association to address the problems of medical education and research in the field of tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases.  Up until its incorporation as a distinct legal entity in 2015, the CTS served as the medical section of The Lung Association and remains a strong collaborating partner today. 

CTS guidelines are published in the Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine by Taylor & Francis Group. 

Read Guidelines: 2021 Guideline update: Diagnosis and management of asthma in preschoolers, children and adults